Landlords are required to have an up-to-date EPC before letting a property, which must be advertised and provided to prospective tenants. The EPC shows the current energy efficiency rating of the property, the likely energy bills and measures recommended to improve the rating, make the house warmer and reduce heating costs.
Domestic private rented properties must meet minimum energy efficiency standards (MEES). These standards applied to all new tenancies (including renewing or extending) from April 2018 and to all existing domestic tenancies from April 2020. They will apply to existing non-domestic tenancies from April 2023.
These minimum energy efficiency standards mean that you cannot rent out a property below a certain Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating, unless you have applied for an exemption. The standard is currently EPC rating E. This means that rental properties below an EPC rating E can be enforced and face penalties. The maximum fine is £5,000 per property. More information from the government Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Energy Company Obligation (ECO) grants may be available to landlords where tenants meet Affordable Warmth eligibility criteria.
A-E rated properties are eligible for the same measures as privately owned properties, including insulation, inefficient heating replacements with insulation, efficient heating replaced by renewables and district heating, but not broken heating repairs and replacements because these are the responsibility of the landlord.
Properties that do not meet the minimum standard i.e. F and G rated properties are not eligible for grants for most measures, apart from hard-to-treat improvements like first time central heating, solid wall insulation and renewable heating systems.
We provide advice to tenants online, by phone or email and through our warm and well projects Southampton Healthy Homes and Hitting the Cold Spots in Hampshire.